A title search is a detailed examination of the historical records in the county recorders concerning a property. These records include deeds, court records, property and name indexes, and many other documents. The purpose of the search is to verify the seller's right to transfer ownership, and to discover any claims, defects and other rights or burdens on the property.  It ensures that the only thing you are buying is a new home, and not a slew of unforeseen legal or financial entanglements. Once the search is completed and all issues resolved, title insurance is issued.